Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Daniel Claus Manuscript Death King Hendrick

Born 13 Sep 1727 at Bennigham, a town near the Imperial Free City Heilbron the property of Count Wadian of Menz. The son of Adam Frederick a clergy man from Wirtemberg and follower of Luther The persecution and constant wars with the Turks uprooted the family and Claus came to Philadelphia autumn 1749, accidentally meet Col Weiser, Indian agent for Province of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia to the 6 Nations who was going that spring to meet with the 6 nations at Onondaga. Mr Weiser offered to take Claus, readily accepting the two men set out and by May 1750 after visiting several villages arrived at Fort Hunter, were Claus saw 1st real large settlement of Mohawks 250 to 300 warriors, from their they went to large stone house of Colonel William Johnson, from their to Stone Arabia to visits Weiser's relatives and on to Onondaga only to find its inhabitants in mourning. The french priest had visited them a few days earlier and met with the head Sachem Canaghsadigo, after many meetings, presents, and fine speeches their chief remained unmoved with his alliance to Col Johnson and the British. Before leaving with great disappointment the French poisoned the Sachem. Before Weiser could take up his reason for being there they had to participate in the solom rituals. This delay used up there stores , they were now obliged to depend upon an Indian diet of Corn, Squash, Entrils of deer etc. no hardship for Mr Weiser who had lived among them before, but Mr Clau who never saw such eatables used by mankind was pretty well pinched with hunger before he could partake. His three week stay allowed him to pick up a vocabulary of Indian words and the realization he had to become more acquainted with the Indian words and life style. Upon returning to Philadelphia Mr Claus was introduced to the Gov. James Hamilton, taking a like to Mr Claus he had him frequently to his home for dinner, by spring of 1751 prevailed upon Mr Claus to visit the Mohawks at Fort Hunter. He accepted and while there met Col William Johnson who invited him to stay at his home were there was always Indians from whom he could study the customs and language. This created a problem between Johnson and Gov of Pennsylvania so Johnson arranged that Mr Claus could live at King Henry's home, an ideal arrangement King Henry had seen many seasons and enjoyed teaching the young man about the Mohawks, their traditions, Ancestors, Wars, their enemies, he dictated speeches, messages and other forms and customs used by Indians, at councils, and ceremonies.
In spring 1755 war broke out with France. Col William Johnson was ordered to assembly troops and march on Crown Point from Albany, to Fort Lyman [now Ft Edward] then to lake Sacrament and crown point. It was fall before Col Johnson moved out of Albany, with the state militia and King Hendricks Indians. On 4 Sept the small force of about 1200 soldiers and 400 Indians under King Henry arrived at south end of Lake le Sacrament. Everyone was put to work clearing trees and brush from their south and east shore, setting up camp on a high place with a swamp on both sides. They had with them one iron Mortar and two field pieces along with Colonel Eyre 44th rgt foot one of the best engineers and artillery officer that Gen Braddock had.
Among the colonial officers with Gen. Johnson was Col Williams , Gen. Lyman, Cap Eyre 44th Rgt,
On Sunday morning 7th Sept a Mohawk scout "Thick Lawrence" entered the camp and informed Gen Johnson the French were at south bay headed for Fort Lyman marching in 3 columns wide estimates from impression in ground to be 600 and 700.
The battle of Lake George has been written about hundreds of times but this little known event might be interesting. 8 Sept 1755
King Hendrick commanding the Indians, mounted on horseback was leading line of march with Col Ephram Williams following with the British forces on the road to Fort Lyman, when suddenly in the Iroquois tongue a voice called out "who are you" King Henry replied "We are the 6 confederate Indian nation, the heads & Superiors of all Indian nations of the continent of America" whereupon the French Indian answered"we are the 7 confederate Indian nation of Canada & we come in conjunction with our Father the King of France's Troops to fight his Enemies the English without the least intention to quarrel or trespass against any Indian nation. We therefore desire you will keep out of the way lest we transgress & involve ourselves in a war among ourselves.
whereupon King Henry answered "we the 6 Nations, came to assist their brother in the English against the French who are encroaching upon the territories of the English as well as Indians on the Ohio, and it was your place rather to join us, or at least follow our advise & keep out of harms way.One of Henry's young warriors fired upon the french Indian that spoke from the bushes, the ambush was sprung. Henry being on horseback lit off his horse & being heavy old man as Grey headed as Silver was soon left in the rear, attempting to gain the camp on the left where he thought would meet no enemy. unluckily, not far from camp fell in with the french Indians baggage guard of Young lads and women, having no firearms stabbed king Henry in back with spear. some say by a woman as the lads were to young. The manner of the scalp being taken is probably a woman as the scalp was no larger than a English Crown [abt size of silver dollar]
This scalp would not have hung in the tepee of a Iroquois warrior as King Hendrick was revered by all.
This is but one incident that Daniel Claus was witness to, King Henry was like a father to Mr Claus he was also the head of the Mohawk tribe that controlled the Iroquois Confederacy, a very close friend of the British, living among the Dutch settlers in the upper Mohawk valley.

Sunday, November 29, 2009

Charlotte Scutt 27 generations of Scotts


My Gr Grandmother Charlotte Ellinor Scutt, born 16 Feb 1852 near Plattsburgh, New York Charlotte, as a child was born in Saranac Lake area, she lived there with her parents George Scutt and Elizabeth Rhodes. In 1876 she met and married John Vernon Olyer, He worked in the woods, at Spring Cove, N. Y. she kept house and had 10 children, only 8 survived. in 1901 the family moved to 16 High Street, Little Falls, N. Y. Over the past 50 or more years I have worked on her family, its been one of the most rewarding lines I have ever spent time on her scutt (scott) line is unbroken for 27 generations to Uchtred Filius Scott, 1100 Fife, Scotland.
Her grandfather George Scutt lived at Isle La Mott,Vt. married at age of 16 to Mehitable Reynolds age 44, George died age 26 mysteriously (family tradition he was poisoned) his grand father Henry Scutt family came to Vermont from Rhinebeck, N. Y. were the Scutts had lived for several generations . The original immigrant Jan Willems Scutt arrived with his son Willem, in New Amsterdam aboard the "Eagle" 19 May 1663. Jan was born in 1621 at Isle of Wieringen, Noord, Netherlands. His father was William Scott 13th Baron of Balwearie, he was a officer with the Scottish army in Holland and was killed 19 Sep 1622 at the Siege of Bergen, leaving his wife with the one year old son. William the 13th Baron was the son of James Scott 12th Baron Balwearie, one of the wealthiest and best royalty connected man in Scotland at the time. He made some serious mistakes sided with the wrong factions against the crown which cost him much of his holdings, his arrogance was known by all tis said he was standing at the tower gate and his help was throwing spoiled oats into the moat, a beggar ask him if he could fill his bag with some oats and he laughed and said no-the beggar remarked "you will beg for food before you die" a curs or not
in order to bury him the towns people took up a collection he was penniless.
Prior to James the Scotts of Balwearie held important [positions with King James and the monarchs before him. they married into the Lindsay family, becoming allied with the Stewarts ,
Thweng, de Roos . Robert "The Bruse" and the list goes on some 10 Barons that were associated with the Magna Charta were Charlotte's ancestors - Robert de Ros, Gilbert De Clare, William Longespee. Robert Fits Walter, Henry 1V Bohun, William de Warren, Syr de Quincey
The very well know Michael Scott the magician was in her line.
On the maternal lines her mother was Elenor Twigg wife of Isaac Rhodes from Scurff Hall, Yorkshire, this line goes back many generations. Her grandmother and others on this side of the family descend from 10 ancestors that arrived on the Mayflower, and 3 ancestors who were native American Indians.
Charlotte has 6 brothers and sisters, shown below are her living children in 1940

As we research our relatives it is most rewarding-one never knows what the next clue might lead to. Life is what it is. We can not change the past, but in all things we can try and find the good, accepting the bad, understanding there time in history and passing it on to our descendants. At the present time I am trying to put together a book about this family, if you have any stories,photos or information please contact me, we are proof reading the book now and it will be published very shortly

Saturday, October 24, 2009

Christophe Crevier,Sieur de la Meslee Seigneurie 9th Grt Grandfather

Genealogy of my ancestor and 9th great grandfather Christope Crevier, Sieur de la Meslee, Sieur de Bellerive, Christophe Crevier-Grenier, during his lifetime had many titles, he was born 1611 baptized in Saint Cande le Jeune, Rouen, France 17 Feb 1611 the son of Nicolas Crevier, merchant, baker and bourgeois, baptized on April 19,1581, in Sainte Croix Saint Ouen. He married Anne Baziret around 1607, and they made their home in Saint Cande le Vieil Jeune. On November 27,1617, Nicolas bought a parcel of land from Claude Periet in Saint Pierre duPetit Quevilly. This parcel, with house and garden, was later sold by his widow on March 6, 1630 to Abraham Frement, Royal Scribe in Rouen. NicolasCrevier died at the age of 45 and was buried on October 15, 1625. His widow died five years later and was buried on March 12, 1631.
Christophe, spent his youth in Rouen, and twas here he met Jeanne Evard (Enard), his future wife. They were married in St Jean Perrot, LaRochelle, Aunis, France. on 6 Nov 1633, he was Twenty two years old and his bride was fourteen. Since his family had been bakers he no doubt followed this trade in Rouen, were he was swept up with the tales of adventure and fortunes to be made in the new colonies. By 1639 he has traveled with Jeanne and there daughter Marie to Trois-Rivieres, where Christophe earned his living as a baker. Life in the new world was not what they expected and for some reason he and Jeanne with three children returned to La Rochelle, France in 1642, were he became engaged as a trader and merchant, at the same time his family was beginning to grow, another daughter Marguerite was born 1645, our ancestor Nicolas 1646. Christophe and Jeanne witness the signing of a marriage contract 1647 in La Rochelle. the city, was a boiling pot of tales from the colonies with ships arriving from New France regularly, the lure of fast money in the trading business was to great for Christpohe, by
1649 he is back in Quebec Today he would be called a "frequent flyer" for we find 8th July 1651 he and his wife are back in La Rochelle, France paying a debt of 42 "Livres" 13 "Sols" to Marie Capin, widow of Martin Poirter. In the fall of 1651 the Jesuits gave them land at Notre-Dame-Des-Anges, New France. The family returned to Trois-Riveres. where on 28 March 1653 the Iroquois Indian attacked his home and killed their oldest son Francois Crevier dit Lameslee.
Christophe had built a block house on the corner of his property as a refugee when the Iroquois would attack, in June 1658 he was working the fields within a rifle shot of the block house when an attack came before he could reach the block house he and a soldier were captured. They were carried of to the Mohawk valley but set free in September.
He returned home only to witness another brutal attack by the Iroquois who this time captured their son Antoine, most likely in 1661. Francois Hertel, who had been taken prisoner that year and later released wrote of the sufferings and tortures endured by captives. An excerpt reads:
'As for the little Antoine de la Maslee (the name often used by the family), this poor child filled me with compassion, because he had become the servant of these barbarians, and they killed him with knife blows as they hunted him down.'"

In the year 1662 Christophe received a "Seigneurie" unfortunately he could not enjoy this for long as he passed away shortly before 16 May 1663

The more research I do the more amazed I am learning how much our ancestors traveled to go from La Rochelle to new France in the 1660's on a good fast ship was 6 to 8 weeks and could be much longer, we find Christophe and his family commuting many times twice in one year man I get sea sick that must have been quite an experience.

The lives of his sons John and our ancestor Nicolas who married a Marie Louise (fille du Roi) /Leloutre/ are told in the publication Ancestors James Cummings alias Anthony Moses Genereaux, and will appear in future blogs

Tuesday, September 29, 2009

dedicated love stories of Olyers

In every family there are some deep complex people who's emotions do not flow with what we think of as normal following are two that I ran across in researching the Olyer family

Uncle Adelbert Robert Olyer, born 18 Sep 1881, at Spring Cove, near Tupper Lake, New York
Delbert worked in the woods as a young man, but around 1905 his parents moved to Little Falls, New York and Delbert came with them taking a job as a Electrical worker with the Railroad. He met Nora Huntington and after a short engagement they planned on getting married setting the date 16 Jan 1911. the wedding would be at his parents home on High Street in Little Falls. As the time approached Delbert's father John Olyer became ill and died Jan 15, 1911 and his body was placed in the Parlor for viewing. On the 16th with his father at rest in the parlor they decided to go ahead with the wedding ceremony being united in marriage in the next room. I do not know if this put a curse on the marriage but the couple were divorced 5 years later and Delbert went on to marry 3 more ladies, Florence Hout on 14 Aug 1917 at Palatine Bridge, N. Y. by 1930 Delbert was trying again with Lula Blair , this was also a doomed affair and late in the 30's Delbert married Gertrude Boyle, who outlived him. With four marriages he was never blessed with children. Just seems a Funeral and wedding in same home same time leaves one a bit uncomfortable.

This leads us to a cousin Mabel Olyer born 1888 at Dannemoria, Clinton Co., N.Y. at age 18 she was married to a Mr Batt and had daughter in 1906 then in 1910 Mabel was living with a sister Emma in Rochester, New York, by 1911 she was back with Mr Batt and had son that year followed by another son in 1917--then I lost track of her until spring of 1922 when she married Paul Revere Ritter in Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio. Paul was very much in love with her and with her every moment of the day. She became very sick and died the day before valentines day 13 Feb 1928. the funeral was Feb 16 th now I have two different newspaper accounts one states that Paul was so distraught over her death, he shot himself and fell across the casket in the funeral home. The other account claims he shot himself at the grave site. Either way he could not go on without Mable and ended his life during the funeral service, he was buried on the 18th beside Mabel in the Brooklyn Heights Cemetery, Cleavland, Ohio.

We find many tragic emotional events as we look into the lives of our ancestors, wonder how they would react to some of our strange habits and decisions. suppose a hundred years from now someone will look at my record and wonder how wrong I could have been on some judgments I made.

Now its back to work on family genealogy, past two weeks have been proof reading the Philip Olyer book finally its at the printers and will be available shortly. If you have a Olyer in your ancestry you will no doubt find them in this publication.

Saturday, August 29, 2009

"Thomas" Oneida Sachem unknown Hero Fort Schuyler




Most people that read this probably remember Gen Herkimer when wounded at Oriskany Battle said"let me face the enemy", from this position propped against his saddle he directed the militia to a successful day. did you know the rest of the story--

The campaign of 1777 had long been contemplated by the British ministers, Sir Henry Clinton and Gen Burgoyne, with the southern and northern armies would unit at Albany N. Y. cut off all communication with the eastern provinces. Gen Burgoyne, with 7500 well disciplined troops and a large train of artillery, accompanied with numerous body of Canadian militia and Indians, arrived at Ticonderoga 3rd July 1777. Garrisoned by 3000 continental soldiers and militia under Gen St Clair, finding themselves unable to defend the fortress against such a superior force with drew under the cover of darkness to Fort Edward and joined Gen Schuylers bolstering there combined colonial force to 4000 here we stop for a moment.
Allied with Clinton and Burgoyne was Brig Gen Barry St Ledger famous for offering $20.00 for each scalp the Indians could get, was to join them at Albany by way of the Mohawk Valley further splitting New York..

Meanwhile15 July a unsung hero comes into play. Thomas Spencer a highly respected Oneida sachem had returned from the Indian castle Cassassenny, Canada from a joint meeting of the British and Iroquois nation. Addressing the Committee of safety Thomas remarked:
Col Claus invited the Indians to join his expedition to Fort Schuyler, mentioning that Sir John Johnson now at Oswego with 700 Indians, 400 white men and 600 Tories lying on a island at Oswegatchie Now then is your time, brothers to awake and not sleep longer otherwise Fort Schuyler will go as already Ticonderoga without a shot fired. The Oneidas will remain loyal but if you continue to sleep they will have to join the British and the valley will be reduced to ashes. Pleas brothers show yourselves as men to defend your country and march at once to clear brush at the Fort and fell trees in wood creek to slow there advance. If you show no effort we can stay not much longer on your side. But by alert already Brant and butler are guarding the road from the east to Fort Schyler to stop any reinforcements.
These pleas fell on half closed ears in the spring of 1776 Col Dayton had been order to build a fort at Rome N.Y. to protect the forage place. called Fort Stanwix, the local militia was mustered to help. The fort was renamed Fort Schyler in April of 1777 Col Gansevoort, with 3rd rgt New York line was ordered to Fort Schyler, were he stubbornly defended the position.

A few days before Thomas's communication, the committee of Safety ordered 200 militia to aid Fort Schyler but only a few showed up. on the 17 July Brig Gen Nicholas Herkimer issued a decree all men 16 to 60 should prepare there equipment to be ready a moments notice to assemble and march.

on the 30th July the committee received a message from Thomas dated at Oneida 20 Jul 1777 "at a meeting of the chiefs they tell me there is but 4 days remaining of the time set to take Fort Schyler, and they think it might be sooner. the chiefs desire it not by another Ticonderoga, they hope you will be courageous in defending your homeland. Let all the troops that come to Fort Schyler take care on the march as there is a party of Indians to stop them below the Fort, about 80 or 100 we hear they bring their cannon up fish creek. we hear there will be 1000 men to take the fort. to many for so few to defend Thomas added "it looks to me the troops are near, hope all friends to liberty and that love their families will not be backward, but exert themselves as one resolute blow would secure the friendship of the six nations and nearly free this part of the country from incursions of the enemy"
Already a string of Batteaux, and men were in route, Gen Schuyler upon receiving this ordered out the militia.
4 Aug 1777 Gen Herkimer gave the alarm and 800 men answered the call including several of my direct ancestors,Thomas Lendersen, his father John Lendersen, Micael Bauder. also a Thomas Spencer who urged Herkimer to post advanced scouts and keeping out flanking parties but some of the other officers were making remarks , imputing cowardice and urging Herkimer to advance as rapidly as possible, which he did. this was a 50 to 60 miles march extremely hot day and rough teran on 6th Aug. as the came down a slop to a swampy area know as Oriskany, where the road had been elevated, well into the ravine, the blood curtailing scream of the Iroquois shattered the quiet of the forest and all hell broke out the first volley about 100 men were wounded or killed my ancestor Michael Bauder was killed, 100 hundred of Thomas's Oneida Indians killed, about 30 Seneca Indians, Herkimer was shot in leg and his horse killed. he was moved to a higher spot on the side of the ravine that he might face the enemy. No official record was kept as to the British losses but it must have been nearly the same. Things were going bad every time a militia man shot, a Indian would charge the position and tomahawk the man Herkimer gave the order to place two men at each spot one man could fire while the other waited as a result many Indians were killed. the ambush was mid morning and lasted over 5 hours the militia was nearly our of ammunition when all of a sudden "Johnson Greens" entered the battle, these were the hated Tory friends that had left the area and was now returning to do as much damage as possible. That was all the spent militia needed it was as if they were suddenly infested with magical power, they sprang from there concealed positions and attached these Tories using bayonets, and rifle's as clubs and bare hands, in a matter of 10 to 15 minutes they had bare handed killed 60 or more. at about the same time Gen Willet hearing the musket fire sallied out from the fort with several hundred men to save Herkimer and the supplies, they rapidly carried back to the fort the wounded and as much of the supplies as possible.
The fort was still under siege, Gen Arnold at Schenectady learned of ambush and siege and set out immediately for the scene a few miles from the fort, Thomas Spencer joined him with a suggestion to be sent to St Ledgers command.
St Ledger question Thomas about Arnolds forces and he made the famous statement "I know not how many were with Arnold but they were as thick as the leaves on the trees" on the 22 day of August St Ledger having failed to make the fort Capitulate gave up and left for Canada. Arnold arrived at Fort Schyler on the 24th.
There is much to be written about the vengeance and horror of the Indians torturing and eating of the militia in retaliation for the friends they lost in the battle, but this is about Thomas Spencer Sachem In his quiet way shamed our ancestors into making an effort to stand up and fight, then he faded into history to be overlooked far all he contributed

After his visit with St Ledger there seems to be no other record but I am sure his speeches to the Committee of Safety helped arouse an interest in defending the Mohawk Valley and think history has been very unfair to this Indian ally, certainly 100's could have been saved at Oriskany if Herkimer had paid attention to his words. I have always favored to Oneida nation, it was my honor to have been made a blood brother of the Oneida in 1964 at a very impressive ceremony, The headdress and many gift items are still in my collection, my Oneida name was "Standing Tall Pine".




O

Friday, August 21, 2009

OLYER REUNION 1940

BROOKWOOD PARK, HERKIMER, NEW YORK

Some of my ancestors and many of my grt Grandfathers descendants

My Father Edwin B Lord the handsome guy on far right and my mom Mary Olyer with her parents Berlin and Margaret Olyer, shown in this group picture at the Olyer Reunion held at Brookwood Park in Herkimer, New York. these are all descendant of John Olyer [1853-1911] and his wife Charlotte Scutt [1852-1923] former residents of High Street, Little Falls, N.Y. shown in the photo are Johns three sons Berlin Olyer and wife Margaret Cummings Olyer, Adelbert Olyer and Riley Olyer.
also the four daughters Florence Olyer Hoffman, Nora Olyer Burney, Mary Olyer Trombley Taylor, and Beatrice Burney.
Also in the photo is Wilbur Olyer and his wife Clara, from Athol, Mass some of you might remember her ladies Hats store on main street Athol, Mass
she is the lady with the large hat and hand bag standing in the front right and Wilbur is the man kneeling in right front row. he was the oldest person there and while not a son of John Olyer was the son of Johns brother Philip.
The family had just started holding reunions this first one had over 60 people in attendance. Another outing was held same place the following year, the attendance was still good over 45 people, the photo at the left is just John and Charlott Olyer's children, guess the group photo was to hard to get everyone to pose for. By the following year,
with the war breaking out some of the younger men answered the call, and the reunions were still held for two more years but with only a very few as some of the original members had passed away or were to old to attend. As I recall the family sort of drifted apart and in few years later by late 40's and early 50's there was no interest.
I was pretty young in 1940 but old enough to remember my grandfather Berlin and his siblings and am sure these outing helped keep the spark and kindle that desire to know more about this family. I have spent the 65 years since the reunion gathering information and some of my early blogs are about the Olyer's and lately the blogs have been about my grandmother Margaret Cummings. Her family history is at the publishers right now and will be available through Amazon Books and directly from me in about a week. The manuscript for the Olyer family is complete and being proof read and this will be available in plenty of time for Xmas. Almost everyone shown in the reunion photo is identified in the book. I was at the reunion but under pressure from my parents and a bribe that I could bring my high school flame, must have been at the punch bowl when the photo was taken. I think Donald Rose, standing on back right side next to my dad is the only person in photo that is still alive--well it was 69 years ago--if we held a reuinion today I am afraid I would not know anyone, it sure would be great to try--

Nothing to do with the reunion but I have to vent someplace
Do you have a pet??got your shots up to date? read the blog my wife just posted at www.SewNanaWhereAreYou.Blogspot.com maybe if you read it you will not have to watch your pet slowly die.

Monday, August 17, 2009

Francois Pelletier dit Antaya my 8th great grandfather


My 8th great grandfather in James Cummings Ancestral line was
Francois Pelletier-dit-Antaya-Sieur d'Antaya-Sieur d'Orvilliers was born 1 Jan 1635 st St Pierre, Gallardon, Chartres, Beauce, France. his father was Nicolas Pelletier and mother Jeanne de Vouzy [devoissy-Roussy]
Francois arrived in New France probably on one of the three ships that arrived in Quebec 11 Jun 1636 as his father is mentioned at baptism of his sister in the spring of 1637, so Francois was only couple years old. Nicolas Peltier the father a master carpenter was granted a fifty acre concession of land in the Seigneury of Sillery, were the Peltier family settled. In a few years Francois had brothers and sisters for a total of eight children. [ The plaque to the right was placed on the sight of the original land owned by Nicholas]

Francois and his brother Nicolas were in pursuit of a life of adventure , beginning life as fur traders with Noel Jeremie de La Montagne, who married Francois sister Jeanne in 1659. on a voyage to the vast "Domain du Roy", a trade area encompassing the great Saguenay-Lac St-Jean area. Francois goes along and apparently meets a young Indian maiden we are not sure why he went or how long he stayed.
Some time before the autumn of 1659, François has returned to Québec; the Jesuites say that on November 21, François accompanies the Jesuit Albanel to Tadoussac, stating that he is not at their expense, but is under their name. his returns from Tadoussac April 24, however, Francois' reasons for returning to Tadoussac become a little clearer, Albanel has married François to a Dorothee Antaya Christian Amerindienne,16 Apr. 1660, without publication of banns, or permission from his parents, the bishop, or the governor, noting that this has caused quite a controversy.
Albanel was undoubtedly sympathetic to François and Dorothée's situation, or else he certainly would not have taken upon himself to marry them without their having gone through the proper channels and necessary steps.
Their happiness did not endue long as she died in Quebec Hospital 13 Apr.1661 . On the 26 Sep 1661 Francois married Margereta Madeleine Morriseau in Sillery, Quebec. born 1640 at St Pierre de Roy, Somme, Picardie, France, the daughter of Julien Moraisseau and Anne Barclancour. Margurete was a Filles a Marier, contracted for marriage by Francois Pelletier, brother of Jeannie & Marie Pelletier. Francois was so in love with his first wife Dorothee Antaya that upon her death he added the dit name Antaya. He and his children were the only ones using this dit name and eventually future generations dropped the Pelletier surname and used only Antaya.
June of 1666 Captain Pierre de Saurel with a group of 300 French and Huron Indians went to attack and recover a few French soldiers that had been taken prisoners by the Mohawks of the Iroquois nations. They were discovered in route and the Mohawks offered up the prisoners without bloodshed. These men related that some of their group had been tortured one of the Indians wanted a finger bone for a necklace, he took a prisoner and with help from the others, they amputated a finger at the knuckle, with flint knife and when the tenon could not be cut they pulled the partly severed finger off. The hand and arm became so swollen during the following weeks he could not preform any chores so his captive killed and scalped him.

Francoise purchased on 22 Oct 1675 the Seigneurie of Dorvilliers, sieur de Comporte, located with frontage abt 1.5 miles along the St Lawrence River opposite Sorel between Berthier and Autray estates, extending inland abt 3 miles. Francois renames his land "Antaya" , while he no longer uses the title "Dorvilliers" or "Comporte" having been well known it sometimes is called by this name. It was a couple of years before the Pelletioers established their self at Anataya, after Francois sold his 80 Arpent properly in Sorel to Pierre Coutois 17 Sep 1777. With this estate the couple can now use the title "Sieur" and "Seigneuresse"
The name Pelletier dit Antaya, is strictly of French Canadian origin, it was never used in France and in Canada only by children of Francois.
Francois died May 1690 at Dautray, Quebec, he and Marguerite bequeathed one half of their estate to son Lean-Baptisti dit Pierre Pelletier dit Antaya [1675-1757], while dividing the remaining among their other surviving children, Michael, Marguerite, Marie-Angelique, Genevieve, Catherine.

Saturday, August 8, 2009

Mary Elizabeth Lord Ready to ride on life's journey

Just a break in genealogy for a lighter moment
My mom astride this beautiful mount could not have envisioned the events that would shape her life during the coming years.

This photo was taken at High Street in Little Falls New York probably about 1910.

Life started out in Spring Cove, New York later part of April 1904 her mother Margaret Cummings Olyer took the train to tupper lake, and buggy to her mothers home at Sporing Cove. a few days later evening of 4 May 1904 , Jim Cummings father of Margaret raced to Tupper Lake to find the doctor, not good the Doctor was in the booze bottle and came back to the house with Jim but was unable to be of much help.
Mary was born despite the odds. After a few days she returned with her mother to High Street in Little Falls, N. Y. off to a good start. She had two older sisters and soon had 3 brothers and another sister.

At age of about 2 she looked like a doll, her father Berlin A. Olyer was a armature photographer so we are lucky to have a few photos for her.

Being in the middle of the family she had good roe models and learned life in happy environment. Her father worked for the New York Central railroad , while not wealthy, they enough income to live comfortably. Unfortunately her older sisters were married quite young so as she approached her 16th birth day not wanting to be an old maid, marriage seemed important so she ran away from home and married a school mate, this only lasted a few months when her parents found out it was annulled, after a 3 day court trial. while this was going on her parents moved from Little Falls to Nelliston, N.Y. As time does she moved on to age 19 when she met Edwin B. Lord . 6th Oct 1923 they slipped of to Albany, N. Y. and were married at the first Baptist church. From there to Delaware, where Edwin was employed as a Machinist in Circular Knitting mill, 1925 Mary and Edwin returned to Nelliston, N.Y. were a Son Robert Lord was born. The family lived in Nellistron N. Y. until 1960's during these years they ran the Elms Hotel in Nelliston, both worked outside the home Edwin in the Knitting trade and Mary worked in the undergarment factory in Fort Plain, The family was very close, Robert being the only child, lived with them in a duplex home which his father had owned. We got through the depression years and by combining our income, and efforts were able to own and operate the store at Canada Lake, were Mary was the postmaster, and in the 60's the family purchased Pine Lake Park.

Mary's life was taken 16 Jul 1965 due to cancer, I am sure there were bad times but I never knew about them, to my knowledge her marriage to my dad was a good one I never heard them raise ther voices, or use bad language, my dad drank a bit more than he should but this only made him more the life of the party, families seemed much closer, our pleasures seemed to be family outings, picnics, swim trips to Carogs Creek, Camping in tents, short motor trips.
Our family while very close, none of them including cousins and aunts and uncles were also close lipped I thought I new my mom but it was not until last year, while searching court records did I find out about the short marriage she had a 16 do not know if my dad new about it I had questioned him many times about being married in Albany but you know he never did give me a answer--maybe that was the answer, he thought I would never know.

Someone put me on this mighty steed probably in very early 1930's I could not reach the stirups and that is probably why its been such a up and down ride ever since, was hanging on pretty tight then and I still am--guess it a goods thing we do not have a outline about this tour, I like the hat my mom has on not much help in the sun or rain

Sieur Guillaum Couillard de L'Espinay First Slave Holder


In the Family History and Genealogy of my Great Grandfather Moses Genereaux alias James Cummings, mother Marie Dupuis, was the 5th great grand daughter of Guillaume Couillard dit Dupuis, son of Guillaume Senior and Elisabeth De Vesins, married on August 26, 1621. Guillementte Marie Hebert, Metis dau of Louis Hebert and Marie Rolet. This was the first recorded marriage of a French couple in New France. Guillaume had arrived in Kebec in 1613, employed as a carpenter and caulker by the Compagnie des Marchands de Rouen et de Saint Malo. The ceremony was performed by Recollect Father Georges and witnessed by Champlain himself and his brother-in-law Eustach Bouille (brother of Helene). In all reports sent to France by Champlain, he always spoke very highly of the young man who would play an important role in the settlement of French Quebec.
When Quebec was captured in 1629, by the Kirke Brothers [really privateers sailing for English Crown] nearly all of the French including Champlain were shipped to England and eventually to France. The Couillards became the only complete family to live under English occupation. Champlain entrusted the fort to two young Montagnais girls [Natives], Charite and Esperance, whom he had adopted, and Marie-Guilemette was asked if she would keep an eye out for them. They had already spent a lot of time at her home, as she and her mother instructed them in French customs, so that they might one day marry one of the male colonists.
The Treaty of St German En Laye of March 1632 restored the Kebec and Acadia post to France.

The Couillard family continued to work doggedly for the colony and was always held in high regard. He took part in it’s defense against the Iroquois, frequently piloting boats between Quebec and Tadoussac. He also gave part of his land for the construction of a church and became the warden of the parish.

The Couillards may have been the first French-Canadians to own a black slave. [Slavery in the Americas was very common among the native population, most all of the tribes used captives as slave labor] When the Kirke brothers removed themselves from Quebec, they left behind a little boy that they had captured at Madagascar, so Guillaume purchased him from the bailiff. In July of 1632, they had him baptized under the name Olivier, after son-in-law Olivier Tardiff. Later, a Jesuit priest called him "Paul the Young Person", so the little boy grew up as Olivier Le Jeune.
In one letter, Champlain refers to him as the Couillard's "pet", and on official documents he is listed as a servant.When the new Company of 100 Associates, were in control of New France, Guillemette's husband made lime for the new buildings, while continuing to work his farm and perform other duties as needed.

In December of 1654, the Governor Jean de Lauson, on the authority of the king, presented him with a noble title, "on account of services rendered to the country of Canada", Sieur and Madam de L'Espinay. These honors were later passed down to their sons; Charles and Louis.
Sieur Guillaume Couillard de L'Espinay, died at home on March 4, 1663 and is buried in the chapel of the Hotel Dieu, and three years later Madam Guillimette de L'Espinay sold the house and a portion of his land to Jean Talon and gave the rest to Bishop Laval, for the establishment of the Seminary of Quebec; though later her children would contest the transaction.

A statue of her husband part of the Louis Hebert's monument, beside the city hall of Quebec.
All the while they continued to farm and by 1632, had more than 20 acres cultivated. In 1639, they opened a flour mill and the same year, the governor of Quebec, appointed Guillaume as “clerk responsible for inspecting the sown lands and the food of the settlers of Quebec".

The Manor home of Couillard and Dupuis, while still standing was not built until about 1800 on or near Guillaum's original home.
The bronze statue of Sieur Guillaume Couillarde is part of the Hebert monument, it is interesting to note Guillaume ordered from France a ox and a plow before he died, the ox arrived but not the plow until after his death.

One can not study the ancestry of this united Genereaux and Dupuis family without becoming richly rewarded with history of the founding of New France on the American Continent, the sacrifices, hard work, disappointments, and successes of these early pioneers, carving out a settlement in a hostile environment without much more than there bare hands.

Monday, July 27, 2009

Mohawk Iroquois feared by French Settlers

In doing research for the Cummings-Genereaux family it was very apparent that all my relatives from early Canada lived in fear of the Iroquois Indians--so different than those relatives on my fathers side who married into the Mohawk tribes in the same time period The Mohawks arrived in what became to be known as the Mohawk Valley around 1575, before the Europeans came here. They consisted of only 5 nations, Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Oneidas and the "ancients" the Mohawks. Almost everyone knows the story of Longfellow's Hiawatha, this was based on the truth. Two Sachem's of the Mohawks met with the other chiefs of all the nations at Oneida Lake and formed the Iroquois Confederacy, which would become the dominate force in North East America. Its main purpose was to stop the tribes from fighting among there self, with a guarantee that they would not kill any one from the other tribe and would assist each other in further expansion They controlled all the land from Canada to Maine, along the Atlantic, through Pennsylvania, Ohio, and the great lakes area. There expansion was driven by the demand for Beaver pelts. The Dutch were in Albany early in the 1600's and became a allies of the Mohawks, trading the older models of fire arms and metal tools. The English who came a bit later took the same attitude toward the Mohawks, traded fair with them, even to help them in conquest they were making against tribes that the English were having trouble with. Even the Swiss were trading with the Delawares. When the French arrived it was a different mix. The Mohawks had for well over a hundred years fought the Algonquin and Huron nation and had been on the verge of driving them out of Canada. Samuel Champlain arrived and completely upset this, wanting to be friend;y with the natives to assure there protection for his trading post joined the Huron's in battle with a group of Mohawks, which took place on the lake that we call Champlain. He got off a lucky shot that killed two Mohawk chiefs -lucky for him but a tragedy for France. The Mohawks fled, but remembered.
They continued there attacks on the Huron and when the French villages were present burned them. then in 1615 Champlain joined a force of Huron's against the Oneida nation keepers of the western gate. this was more fuel to fire the hatred of the Huron and French. Now the Iroquois were more united and France was cut off from the beaver trade coming from the great lakes. So to stop the Iroquois raids on Kebec and Montreal Gov Tracy persuade Louis 14 King of France to send help which he did in the form of 1200 men of the Carignan-Salieres Regiment in the late 1665 period, it was mid winter before they had everyone converted to the Catholic religion, [non Catholic were not allowed to set foot on New France Soil, the officers and many of the men were Huguenots] and despite the weather 300 men of the Regiment with 200 volunteers made a sortie on the Mohawk valley, not equipped for winter weather and guides that got lost, it ended in terrible loss of men and equipment some Jesuit records indicate only 200 men returned, and these were saved by the Dutch who fed and clothed them at Schenectady. The loss of equipment gave the Mohawks access to the best fire arms available, up until this time they only had weapons that the Dutch traded to them. This was like throwing stones at the bee hive, the Mohawk Iroquois while only about 600 strong launched new waves of terror on the French, again in fall of 1666 Tracy led 1200 men with two field cannon, against this powerful Iroquois's nation they attacked and burned 4 Indian Castles, but the 600 or so Mohawks, men women and children, gathered up there possessions and moved into the forest, so no one was harmed, The wood Palisades and bark covered houses were burned. The French returned to Canada victoriously and the Iroquois with the help from the Dutch rebuilt there castles, the main or upper castle was Ti-on-non-to-gen. this was located on North side of the Mohawk river on the site of the present village of Nelliston, New York. Started in 1666 hurriedly finished by 1669 with the help of the Dutch Settlers. This was a very large castle or village , double Palisades enclosing some 30 long house ranging from 20 to 200 ft long. with a total population of about 300 of the "Wolf" clan. They would live here for some 20 years before moving again to Wagner's Hallow. A move they made about every 20 years

A tribe of only about 600 at its strongest point controlled the Iroquois confederation and this group stopped the French expansion and eventually made it to costly to continue their colonization of the new world. The Confederacy was weakened in the American Revolution when the Mohawk remained loyal to England and the Seneca's and Oneida Nations remained with the colonist.

I was very lucky as a young boy , my parents owned a house in Nelliston, New York when my dad would spade the garden in the spring and prepared it for planting I was allowed to pick up and save all the pieces of pottery, pipe stems and broken bone that were in the garden. For years these were in Cigar boxes in the garage, just curious items to a 8 or 9 year old, - oh how I wish I still had them. Apparently our garden was within the old village site of Ti-on-non-to-gen upper village of the Mohawk.
Having been born and lived in the Mohawk Valley I can understand why the Mohawks fought so hard to control it, the river furnished fish, surrounding forest gave then Venison, small game, and Maple sugar, the rich river soil furnished an abundance of the three sisters Corn, Beans, Squash. Of all the tribes the Mohawks were no doubt the best nourished and that might have been key to there physical ability to lead the other tribes.

Thursday, July 16, 2009

Anna Martin/Matchonon Huron-Wendat native


A young girl of the Cord Clan. on Ile de Orleans, the 5th great grandmother of my grt grandfather Anothony Moses Genereaux alias Jim Cummings met and married Abraham Martin dit L'Ecossais, her family would have been living on the Ile de Orleans as members of the Huron-Wendat village which was set up with the help of the Jesuits for converted natives.
she had 3 known children recorded by the Jesuits: Matchonon ("a Savage" according to the Jesuits) b. 1609 (Kebek) baptised 3 Nov 1634 as Joseph Martin; Anne Martin/Matchonon. born 1614 (Kebek) d. 14 Dec 1683 (Kebek) m. Jean Cote'' dit Coste' 1635; Eustache Martin b. 1621 Kebek, only Eustache has a baptized recorded in Notre Dam.
Her mother died when she was just a baby and her widowed father would marry Marguerite Langlois a Metis [having one parent European and the other native Candaian].
Growing up at the small trading post, young Anne would have been exposed to many cultures; though her life was confined to the small frontier. After much upheaval, including a brief stint when Kebec was in the hands of the British, Anne's family made 'New France' their home, and in 1636; she was married to new arrival, Jean Cote, at the home of Robert Giffard, by Jesuit Priest Charles Lalemant.
Jean was one of Giffard's recruits and may have actually been a distant relative, since Anne's grandmother was Isabelle Cote, also from Perche, France. Jean arrived in Quebec on July 20th, 1635 and that fall married Anne. There is not much information about his earlier life Again probably not all that surprising if he was of African-Mi'kmaq (Red-Black) ancestry and most of the evidence points to this, there would have been little or no interest by Europeans in recording it. Anne Martin/Matchonon, however, a half-breed with some European ancestry, was the daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais, so this might be why their descendants were recorded. Also they were part of the colony established on the Ile d'Orleans by the Jesuits for their Huron converts. She would have been considered Huron-Wendat by her own people, not half-breed, since the Wyandott are maternal lineal.
In 1636, Governor Montmagny awarded the couple, an arpent of frontage on la Grande-Allee near Quebec; and Giffard gave him land in Beauport . Because of the Iroquois raids, Jean and Anne hesitated settling their concession in Beauport, so Noel Langlois,
brother of Anne's stepmother, rented them a small parcel of land near his house, so they could live close together for mutual defense. Jean built a cabin there and began farming immediately. Eventually they also purchased a house in Upper Town, Quebec. Jean died there on March 28, 1661 and Anne on December 4, 1684. The couple had nine children:
Descendants of Anne Martin/Matchonon[Savage] and Jean/Jehan Cote' dit Coste' were recorded. One of the children (a son b. 1642) was named Mathieu. there was a Mathieu Cote in New France very earl and may prove to be father or uncle to Jean. There also Jean had a child named Jean Cote' dit Lefrise' (a son b. 25 Feb 1644). Le frise' in French means "frizzy-haired person", perhaps this name was given to the child because he was the only one who had "frizzy" (i.e. African) hair, while the other children of Anne and Jean had straight hair like their Indigenous ancestors.
Having one European grandparent (Abraham Martin dit L'Ecossais) of four, (two Indigenous, one African) might have ensured the family was recorded, but their children are never mentioned as being the first Europeans born in New France. Some claim the first European child, Barbe Meusnier, was born in Ville-Marie (Montreal) in 1648.
If this be true then Anne Martin/Matchonon was of the Cord Clan. "In 1656 people of the Bear Clan (Attignaouantan) joined the Mohawk, people of the Rock Clan (Arendahronon) joined the Onondaga, the people of the Cord Clan (Attigneenongnahac) were the only ones who remained at the Ile d'Orleans Huron-Wendat settlement.
Keep in mind there were very few European women in New France before the "Fillis a Marine" arrived 1634 to 1662 very doubtful that a family of three Langlois girls would have been here without a notation in the records-It is my belief all of them were of the Huron-Wendal tribe in Ile de Orleans
As for Anne Martin, she survived him by more than twenty years. The census of 1681 does not mention her but it is likely that she was living with one of her sons. Anne too, was buried at Québec, on December 14, 1683 at about the age of 70 years old.

In some of my earlier post I noted that all of Moses Genereau's ancestors were from France but I have to correct that now some of the females had what appeared to be French names but this was due to there being recorded as daughters of there French fathers, however there mothers were Huron-Wendal women, who were more readily available in the first few years of French colonization. The European women did not come to the colonies much before the Filles a Marier in 1634 to 1662

Sunday, July 5, 2009

Abraham Martin bn 1589


Abraham Martin My 9th Grt Grandfather, ancestor of Anthoney Moses Genereau alias Jim Cummings was one of the first settlers in Arcadia and Kebec, personal friend of Samuel Champlain.
There is a lot of confusion over the origins of Abraham. He was born about 1589, probably at La Rochelle, his father probably was Jean Galleran Martin, known as “The Merchant of Metz”, he could have also been born at Metz, Lorraine, France. His mother was Isabel Cote. Throughout his lifetime, Abraham Martin L'Ecossais [the “Scotsman”], that nickname was often used at that time, as a derogatory term to describe a deserter or member of an illegal organization. It may have also meant that he had made several voyages to Scotland in his youth, or assisted the Scottish settlers who began arriving at Port Royal (then called Port Charles) about 1628, under the direction of Sir William Alexander. It's highly unlikely that he was actually of Scottish descent.
He is often called Abraham Martin a king's pilot, leading to the conclusion that he was the first river pilot of Canada. [French as the Indian tribes had been using the rivers for centuries] Although he was illiterate he associated with Champlain and Pierre Desportes, both literate and well born individuals. His first wife was a Huron-Wendat Indian living on Ile de Orleans, with whom he had three children Matchonon ("a Savage" according to the Jesuits) b. 1609 Kebek, [Quebec ] baptised 3 Nov 1634 as Joseph Martin; Anne Martin/Matchonon Metis b. 1614 (Kebek) d. 14 Dec 1683 (Kebek) m. Jean Cote' dit Coste' 1635; Eustache Martin b. 1621 Kebek
His second wife, a Metisse (half-breed woman) was Marguerite Langlois b. 1611 Kebek, married at Kebec, abt 1621, they had eight children, of which the 7th was Anne Martin Metis, born 23 Mar. 1645 at Kebek, she married Jacques Rate. The descendants of both of these Anne Martin's come down to Dennis Stanislaus Genereaux's father of our ancestor Anthoney Moses Genereaux alias Jim Cummings

There is also evidence that he had at one time been employed by Jean De Biencourt and Du Gua de Monts as navigator on the coast of Acadia, although he would have been very young at that time. Charles La Tour was also on that voyage, and it is clear that these two men remained good friends. When Abraham’s son, Charles-Amador, was born on March 7, 1648, his godfather was none other than Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour, who was also the infant’s namesake. This too could explain why Martin was called the “Scotsman”, since La Tour’s father had accepted a Scottish Barony after being captured by the Kirke Brothers in 1629.
When the British took control of Kebec for the first time, everyone was shipped back home, where it is believed that Marguerite's sister, Francoise Langlois, and her husband Pierre, died so Martin's became guardians to little Helene, who was now almost nine. When the family returned after the British left, they brought along Marguerite's brother Noel [another of our ancestors], who would marry Francoise Grenier and have ten children, ensuring that the Langlois name from this branch, would live on.
The Martins would become one of the first three families to be granted land in Quebec City, when they were presented with 12 acres by the Company of New France in 1635. The additional 20 acres were a gift from Sieur Adrien du Chesney, ship's surgeon to Pierre Legardeur. Abraham and Marguerite's descendants later sold this parcel of land to the Ursuline nuns.
Marguerite and her husband played a major role in the development of French Canada, and in a culture that likes it's 'firsts'; a few can be added to their credit. Eustace Martin,(this one is questionable) the first wire of a French, born in News-France. It is the first baptism which is registered at Notre-Dame of Quebec, dated October 21, 1621. His daughter Helene Martin was the god-daughter of Samuel de Champlain. We know Abraham had two other children with first wife, but they were not recorded in church record.
Abraham drew up the first map of Quebec, even though he was illiterate. Champlain's wife Helene Boulle, did not adapt well to frontier living and only spent four years in Québec. She found solace and companionship with Abraham's wife Marguerite and her sister Françoise Langlois who bore the first French child born in New France, When Samuel de Champlain died he left a legacy to Marguerite Martin, another daughter to help her "marry a man of Canada", and he left money to Abraham Martin "to be spent for clearing land".
The ground that Abraham Martin cleared was the summit of the Cape Diamonds, Known now as the “Plains of Abraham”, site of the 1757 battle, between Wolfe and Montcalm, the “Coast of Abraham” was the path used by Martin, to go down to the river Saint-Charles to water his animals.
Today a monument features a column on a square base, topped by a terrestrial sphere supported by four thistles, emblems of Scotland. The base (or lower) relief depicts the French symbol of a fleur de lys (lily flower) emerging from flood waters to represent the pioneering role played by Abraham Martin as a king’s pilot. with a inscription engraved in the granite.
In February 1649 the little Québec colony had quite a shock when it was announced that 60 year old Martin Abraham, friend of Samuel de Champlain and the father of a large and respected family, was accused of having an affair with a 16 year old girl [i.e., “conduite incorrecte envers une jeune fille” in that Abraham had forfeited the honor of a young girl of 16, what today would possibly be statutory rape, although marriages in those days occurred as young as 10]. Certainly it would be said that this "old pig Abraham" had debauched a fine “young thing.” He spent some time in prison beginning on 15 February 1649 as a result of his improper actions. Guess the rich and powerful have not changed in 360 years, its a shock to us when our past Presidents or Governors disregard our moral codes, but its been happening for centuries. These facts appear in court records that have been preserved. Not all of our ancestors were saints.
Abraham Martin died on September 08, 1664 in Quebec city, at the age of 75; and Marguerite the following year on December 17, 1665, at the age of 63. A note made by Father Le Jeune, in 1632. Eustache Martin, Metis, b-1621 the eldest son of Abraham and Marguerite, were baptized in 1621 , were the second and third children of White men born at Quebec, the first having been their cousin Helene Desportes, born in 1620, to the marriage of Pierre Desportes and Francoise Langlois.

Jim Cummings [Moses Genereaux], Genealogy keeps expanding, he can count in his ancestral line many native Canadian Indians as well as the first original French settlers.

Wednesday, June 17, 2009

Hebert Monument - Quebec City, Canada

The Monument to the left was erected to honor Louis Hebert first European settler dedicated 1918 on the 300 anniversary of his arrival in Quebec, 1617 four years before the Mayflower landing. It stands behind Notre-Dame de Quebec Basilica, next to Cote de La Montague Street.

Many of us can trace out genealogy to those hardy Puritans that came to America shores in 1623 to establish the first colony. Well Jim Cummings (my great grandfather) can boast that his mother Marie Dupuis 6th and a 7th great grandfather was Louis Hebert, who is considered to be the first European settler in Canada. The honor of being the colony's first seigneur belongs to Louis Hebert, a curious chain of events that brought him to the role of a yeoman in the St Lawrence valley. Hebert has left to posterity little or no information concerning his early life and his experience as a farmer. we must gather what we can from stray allusions to him in the general narratives of early colonial life. Hebert was Canada's first patron of husbandry. The greater portion of his adult years were passed with a spade in his hands. But he embodies a type, and a worthy type it is. Louis Hebert was a native of Paris, born in about 1575. He had an apothecary's shop there, but apparently was not making a very marked success of his business in 1604. he fell in with Biencourt de Poutrincourt, and was enlisted as a member of that voyageur's first expedition to Acadia. It was in these days the custom of ships to carry an apothecary or dispenser of health-giving herbs. His functions ran the whole gamut of medical practice from blood-letting to the dosing of sailors with concoctions of mysterious make to cure about everything. Hebert probably set out with no intention to remain in America; but he found Port Royal to his likeing, and there the historian Lescarbot soon found him not only sowing corn and planting vines, apparently taking great pleasure in the cultivation of the soil. All this in a colony which comprised of five persons, namely, two Jesuit fathers and their servant, Hebert, and one other.

In 1613 with serious dangers all about, and lack of support at home, Port Royal about to be destroyed, Hebert made his way back to France. The apothecary's shop was re-opened, the daily customers were no doubt regaled with stories of life among the wild aborigines of the west. But not for long. There was a trait of restlessness that would not go away, in 1616 the little shop again put up its shutters. Hebert had joined Champlain in the Brouage navigator's first voyage to the St Lawrence. This time the apothecary burned his bridges behind him, Hébert sold his house and its garden in Paris and with Marie his wife and there three children, Anne, Guillemette and Guillaume start out, with them and all his worldly effects.
The trading company which was backing Champlain's enterprise promised that Hebert and his family should be paid a cash bonus and should receive, in addition a tract of land, provisions and stores sufficient for their first two years in the colony. For his part, Hebert agreed to serve without pay as general medical officer of the settlement, to give his other services to the company when needed, and to keep his hands out of the fur trade. Nothing was said about his serving as legal officer of the colony as well; but that task became part of his varied experience. Not long after his arrival at Quebec, Hebert's name appears, with the title of "procureur du Roi", at the foot of a petition sent home by the colonists to the king.

All this looked fair enough, but as matters turned out, Hebert made a poor bargain. The company gave him only half the promised bonus, granted him no title to any land, and for three years insisted upon having all his time for its own service. A man with less determination would have made his way back to France at the earliest opportunity. But Hebert was loyal to Champlain, whom he in no way blamed for his bad treatment. At Champlain's suggestion he took a piece of land above the settlement at Quebec, and without waiting for any formal title-deed began devoting all his spare hours to the task of getting it cleared and cultivated. His small tract comprised only about a dozen arpents on the heights above the village; and as he had no one to help him the work of clearing it moved slowly. Trees had to be felled and cut up, the stumps burned and removed, stones gathered into piles, and every foot of soil upturned by hand with a spade. There were no ploughs in the colony at this time. or Oxen, no horses at Quebec. It was some years later that farm implements were imported.

Nevertheless, Hebert was able by hard work to get the entire twelve arpents into cultivable shape within four or five years. A house had been built chiefly by the labor of himself. It was a stone house, about twenty feet by forty in size, a one-story affair, regarded as one of the most comfortable abodes in the colony. The attractions of this home, and especially the hospitality of Madame Hebert and her daughters, are more than once mentioned in the annals of the settlement. It was the first dwelling to be erected on the plateau above the village.

In 1623 the authorities were moved to grant him the honor of rank as a seigneur, and the first title-deed conveying a grant of land en seigneurie was issued to him on February 4 of that year. The deed bore the signature of the Duc de Montmorenci, titular viceroy of New France. Three years later a further deed, confirming Hebert's rights and title, and conveying to him an additional tract of land on the St Charles river, was issued to him by the succeeding viceroy, Henri de Levy, Duc de Ventadour.
The preamble of this document recounts the services of the new seigneur. "Having left his relatives and friends to help establish a colony of Christian people in lands which are deprived of the knowledge of God, not being enlightened by His holy light," the document proceeds, "he has by his painful labors and industry cleared lands, fenced them, and erected buildings for himself, his family and his cattle. to encourage those who may hereafter desire to inhabit and develop the said country of Canada" the land held by Hebert, together with an additional square league on the shore of the St Charles, is given to him "to have and to hold in fief noble for ever," subject to such charges and conditions as might be later imposed by official decree.

Hebert died in 1627. Little as we know about his life, the clerical chroniclers tell us a good deal about his death, which proves that he must have had all the externals of piety. At the time of Hebert's death Quebec was still a struggling hamlet of sixty-five souls, two-thirds of whom were women and children unable to till the fields. Hebert certainly did his share. His daughters married in the colony and had large families. By these marriages a close alliance was formed with the Couillards and other prominent families of the colony's earliest days.
Attached to this monument is a bronze plaque inscribed "Les Premiers Colons De Quebec" with about 90 names of which are 14 ancestors of Anthony Moses Genereau alias Jim Cummings.
These settlers came to Kebec with Champlain, some were shipped back to France by the Kirk bothers in 1627, others remained under English rule until the treaty March 1632 when Kebec and Arcadia was returned to France. Champlain returned in May 23 1633 with three ships loaded with supplies, and the settlement once again started to grow.
Jim Cummings, is not only full blooded French but could boast that he is a decedent of the very first European to settle in New France, He has many cousins that can do the same but his line is documented.
How I wish I could spend a few moments with my grandmother "Maggie" she was loyal to her fathers wishes to keep secret his change of name due to a unfortunate incident, but a family with this genealogy can not be denied to those coming after us. All of "maggie's" family on her fathers side both Paternal and Maternal have been traced for each generation back to 1600's in France, and in some cases beyond the middle ages.

Saturday, June 13, 2009

Sgt. Jean Sicard-de-Carufel, Lord Farguette



Moses Genereaux alias Jim Cummings- wonder if Jim knew that his mother, Marie Dupuis Genereaux's, 4th great grandfather held all these titles and came from a Nobel family in France.
Jean-Baptiste Sicard de Carufel, was born 1665 at St Jacques, Castres, Languedoc, France the son of Pierre Sicard-de-Carufel and Marie de Farques. [due to the ordinance revising titles of Nobility in France 1664 to 1667, Pierre Sicard appeared before Montpellier tribunal on 5 Sep 1669. He and his descendants were declared Nobles also mentioning the fief of Carufel]
At the age of 19 Jean-Baptiste Sicard de Carufel joined the French Marine troops under the command of Captain [Ecuyer] Francois-Marie-Renaud d'Avesne des Meloizes. The company, recruited by the new Gov. Jacques-Rene Brisay de Denonville, made part of the 500 man detachment from port of LaRochelle , and arrived in Quebec 1 Aug 1685.

Jean was Huguenot, or one of the many Albigeois groups that suffered religious persecution for mention is made in the Notr-Dame de Quebec church dated 20 Jan 1686 in which the young Nobleman renounced his faith according to the "Acte d'Abjuration" Jean Sicard native of parish St Jacques, city of Castres d'Albigeois, in Haut-Languedoc, Sargent in Reg. of Renaud d'Avesnes "recants from the pretended reformed religion", before Bishop of Quebec.
The Catholic religion had tremendous power and would not allow any non catholic to set foot in New France soil.
A marriage contract was prepared and signed 25 Nov 1694 states Jean was sergeant in Michael Leneuf Company, two days later [dispensation of bans granted, due to his military ties permission granted by Governor general] Sergeant Jean Sicard de Carufel, married Genevieve, dau of Jacques Ratte and Anne Martin [grand-daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais, a royal pilot[not ww11, pilot of boat]
Jean returned to Nouvelle France and on 18 March 1704 after living 10 years in Saint-Pierre d'Orleans, sold his property to his brother in law Pierre Ratte. on 21 April 1705 Governor, Marquis Phillippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil, officially granted Lord Jean Sicard the fief de Carufel, in a "Acte de concesson.
France was still supporting the "Seigneurial Regime" so Jean applied for and received a plot of land. Seigneurs were duty-bound to promote and colonize their grant by providing immigrants with favorable conditions for settlement and agriculture development. Jean Sicard de Lord of Carufel began to establish his property. Everything was stacked against him, the timing could not have been worse. Everyone feared the Iroquois Indians, although a peace treaty signed four years earlier in 1701 at Montreal, between the Mohawks and the French, was in effect, the reputation of the Indians made the immigrants fearful of moving far from the St Lawrence river. Jeans, Maskinonge fief was up the Maskinonge river some distance.
In 1720, with his sons he traveled to the site and built a sixteen ft square house on a 3 acre cleared site, enclosed by a sturdy palisades. Still no one was rushing in to take up his offers.
To be successful a Seigneur, had to develop enough sites for 25 to 30 settlers, then provide all the services they needed that he could receive revenue from rent of land and percentage of everything else they produced, plus a return for services of the mills etc that he would provide.
Much like the feudal system of Europe or the mill town in the industrial age.
Since Jeans maintenance cost were surpassing his income he remained active in his military career as Ensign of the troops of the colony.
27 Jan 1737 Jean made his will , died August 1743 at age of 77

Jean bore arms: "de geules, au paon rouant d"or, au chef cousu d'azur charg de trois etoiles d'argent" registered to the St Maurice de Coudols family.

Sgt. Jean Sicard-de-Carufel, Lord Farguette, family genealogy can be traced for many generation to Charlemagne, Kings and leaders of ancient times, these charts are just to large to include in this blog. Jean is not the only Nobel family included in Jims ancestors but he probably is the best recorded one. He put everything on the line to try and develop a title and life style in the wilds of New France but his timing was off.

Friday, June 12, 2009

Christie Taillon Cummings interview 1968

Christie Taillon, born 8 Nov 1891, Williamstown, Ontario, Canada married 1909 at Cornwall, Ontario, Canada to John Cummings. rather than my trying to tell you about her life, an interview that she gave Jane Benham 26 Sep 1968 might be interesting for you to read. Christie Taillon Cummings lived on St Ann St. in St Regis Falls,N.Y. was a stanch member of the Holiness Church, where she often played the pump organ and piano. John and Christie's children were, Aretta [Brabon],Kenneth, Shirley [Phelps], and Sheldon. plus a son Wessley who had passed away at age 15 , from a infection from a horse bite.

From her interview: Christie Cummings came to St Regis Falls in 1902 with her mother and stepfather Mr Belmore. She was 10 years old at the time. Her family had previously lived in Williamstown, Ontario, about 25 miles below Cornwall. The family lived outside of St Regis Falls in what was later John Dora.s house. Mr Belmore worked in the lumber camps and took what other jobs he could find to support the family. Henry Ashlaw hired her mother to cook in his lumber camp four miles from Santa Clara, from then on, she and the children spent most of their time in the camps. Christie lived in the woods until she was 15. She got up at 3:30 on winter mornings to help her mother by paring potatoes, setting and waiting tables, making beds, and sweeping floors.
Meals in the lumber camp usually consisted of salt pork, baked beans and potatoes. These were often warmed over from one meal to the next. Cisco salt fish were purchased in barrels, and barrels of blackstrap molasses and light Caro syrup were also used. Christie's mother was a good cook, usually made breads, cakes and pies every day.
The men who lived in the camps also got up at 3:30 a.m. to hitch up their horses and sleds to draw logs to the river for the spring drives.
The bunks where the men slept were made of poles placed crosswise and covered with straw. Bedbugs and lice were everywhere. The cook's quarters were separate and were kept in cleaner condition. The only recreation time the men had was the times they went to town and came back drunk.
About the first of March each year the lumbermen broke camp and drove the logs down river to the mills. Christie never saw a river drive but her husband later worked on them.She did remember seeing the logs in the river before the drives began, When camp was broken, Christie and her family went home for a time. She remembered that the horses wallowed in the snow and the wagon almost tipped over, as the road out of the woods was so bumpy. In May they returned to camp and the lumbermen started over again. During the summer, the men cut and peeled pulp and piled it on skid-ways. The skid-way was a pile of logs where two men rolled other logs up. They put oil on their bodies in an attempt to keep the flies and mosquitoes away.
The last camp Christie's mother cooked at was owned by Jack Fraser. Harry Nelson was the foreman. that was 54 years ago [in 1968]. Christie never worked that camp, but said her mother had two chore boys--one inside and one out. The inside boy was Mose Martin from Malone.
She didn't know how many men were in the camp, but her mother used a 25 pound sack of flour a day to cook for them. Christie's husband John was a filer [sharpened axes and saws]. There were two blacksmiths: Dennis Gokey, and her father in law Jim Cummings.
Once Christie and her brother Lewis, who was four years younger went to visit their older sister who was married and still lived in Williamstown. Their mother bought them new cloths and shoes at a store in town. However when they had to walk along the tote road to Santa Clara to catch the morning train to Cornwall, they wore their old shoes and carried the new ones so they wouldn't be ruined. At the bridge in Santa Clara, they changed their shoes and put their old ones under a log. The next week when they returned, they went to the log, changed their shoes again and returned to camp.
When Christie was about 11 years old, she stayed with her sister for about a year, The sister lived on a farm and Christie had a good time, although she worked hard every day with haying and drawing out loads of manure.
There was usually no special celebration on Christmas or Thanksgiving when the family was in the woods, they sometimes didn't come out for almost a year. Special food was prepared for Christmas dinner, but there were no gifts.
The biggest celebration was usually the Fourth of July when a large parade and dinner was held in St Regis Falls. A dance pavilion was set up at the railroad depot where the fire station is now, and there were clowns and other entertainment. Everyone dressed up and enjoyed the good times. A number of businesses existed in the town at that time. A pulp mill up the river ran only during the summer after the soring river drives. The train crossed the river near it at Block bridge where people fished for bull heads. The Brooklyn Cooperage mill was across the river from the depot and was open all year. There was also a chair factory run by Mr Babcock and a mica factory. Hotels were run by Jim Farmer, Sam McLeod, and a Mr Bishop. The Waverly House was build by W.T.O'Neil. Two more hotels were on Tannery street, now river Street.One of these was owned by Mr Campbell. At one time, there was two theaters, run by Bill Deshaw and Fred Aldrich. A drug store was owned by Joe Wardner, Mr Tryon had a grocery store in the building where the present Rockhill store is. This was later taken over by Paul LeMeiux. John Prue ran a store and butcher shop there too. Cal Aldrich's dry good store was located where Larry Rivers appliance store is now. Next door where Sonny Rivers is now, George Butler had a shore repair and harness shop. Oren Wilson owned a grocery store where the laundry mat is and was later taken over by Ernie Tripeny. Clate Southworth owned the other grocery store across the river. Dr Wardner, brother of Joe Wardner, had his office above the Tryon store. Another doctor in town during that time was Dr Moody. A town newspaper, the Adirondack News was published by R. A. Rowell.ea had only a few telephones then, best way to get in touch with anyone any distance away was through the mail, but roads were often closed with snow in the winter, and sometimes the mailman could not get through for days. In 1908, Christie was married to John Cummings. John usually worked in the woods all winter, and Christie stayed home to take care of her family. The Cummings lived in the country until 1922 when they moved to the present home on St Ann Street. The older children started school in a country school on the Port Kent Road.
Although the Cummings were not farmers, they kept a cow, horse, pigs, chickens, and a garden-enough to keep them busy.Christie did her laundry with a scrub board and carried her own wood and water when John wasn't home. She built her own fires in the mornings and heated water in a pan on the stove for dishes. A table held the water pail and wash dish. The floors were made of wide knotty boards, and scrubbing them was a difficult job. Christie said all her neighbors lived and worked in this same rough way. They weren't able to push buttons and pull switches to get their work done. Everything had to be carried in and carried back out when they were done with it. It bothers her now when she hears people complain about the amount of work they have to do, for she doesn't feel they really know what work really is.

I did not change anything, there are facts here that you will not find in any books written about the area.
Christie lived about a year and a half after this interview dying 26 Mar 1970, she had a great memory and certainly lived through a wonderful period when women especially were able to get away from the difficult labor of keeping up a home-how upset we are when the dish washer fails or the TV will not come in. Think about the extra labor you are missing when you buy that individual wrapped boned chicken breast. Christie would have had to kill it, pull the feathers, sing it, boil some water on the wood stove, clean out the inside and then cut it up. So much for the good old days