Monday, May 11, 2009

John Lenderson, Ranger, 3rd Rgt. Tryon Co. Militia

There is a lot to be written about this John Lenderson my 5th grt grandfather born 8 Dec 1727 in Schenectady, N.Y. died in Randal, Montgomery Co., N. Y. married to Ann Stanhouse.
They owned a farm on south side of Mohawk River. his brother Timothy Lenderson and three of his sons were in Col Fisher's Regiment, Tryon County Militia, 3rd Regiment. John as young man served with Sir William Johnson at the Battle of Lake George, and in later campaigns. As the fires of the revolution began to rise the Lenderson family took a stand for freedom, many of there neighbors felt a loyalty to the king and crown. 24 May 1775 first meeting of the committees of Tryon County Committee of Safety. In retaliation Sir John Johnson fortified Johnson Hall and armed the Tory Scotch Highlanders. Jan 18th 1776 at Johnstown, N. Y. Sir John Johnson surrendered Johnson Hall and turned over the military stores , including the arms of the 300 Scotch Highlanders. May of 1776 Col Dayton was sent to capture Sir John and his followers.
Sir John rallied the Tories and in the night set out for Canada, leaving behind there homes and families.

Two of our John Lenderson neighbors Henry Hare who lived only a couple of house west of the Lenderson farm and William Newbury a friend living in Glen, N. Y. just a mile or so south of the Lenderson both went with Johnson to Canada.

Almost immediately the raids on the Mohawk, and Scoharie areas began under the leadership of Joseph Brant and William Butler.

The raids became so destructive, the wheat and crop, loss began to effect the supplies for the Army. Gen Washington sent a directive to General Sullivan and his associate Gen Clinton to strike a blow to the Indians. Sullivan was to proceed to Pennsylvania and accend the Susquahana while, Gen Clinton would go up the Mohawk to Canajoharie thence to Otsego Lake, and the head waters of the Susquehanna , down which he would travel to meet up with Sullivan with a combined force of 4,000 to destroy everything and everyone in route,
then to lay waste to the Indians living in eastern Pennsylvania.
A great plan on paper but it produced devastating punishment when the Indians and Tories sought out revenge on central New York.
We will just discuss a small part John Lenderson played in this drama.
Gen Clinton left Schenectady 12 Jun with 1600 men, about 100 boats another 100 would follow very shortly, he arrived at Canajoharie on the 14th remaining here for couple of weeks while stores and men were gathered. A road had to be built from Canajoharie to Otsego Lake, and the 200 plus boats plus provisions and war materials for a three month engagement had to be moved to the lake.
Since the Lenderson's were living only a few miles down stream from Canajoharie, they visited the camp, and probably took part in the activity.
On the 18th of Jun 1779 John saw Major Newkirk with his old Tory friends Henry Hare and William Newbury, being taken into the stockade, he later learned that on 21 Jun 1778 Col Gansevoort held Court Martial proceedings and learned that Lieut Henry Hare of British Army and Sgt William Newbury had been found lurking around the camp trying to enlist men to defect to Canada, it was also learned Hare had been at Cherry Valley Massacre, when questioned he admitted that he had killed and scalped Caty Steers at Fort Stanwicks previous year. Newbury with another Tory and 63 Indians were torching the Mohawk valley and had been hiding in there own homes until captured. the court decreed they should both be hung until dead.
At the same hearing, Peter Lyman and Bishop Hadley had been discovered sleeping they were to receive 200 lashings, bare back, well applied, at the evening retreat.
Hare's wife and Newbury's wife and family met with Gen Clinton on behalf of there mates life, but they were talking to a deaf ear, the execution was done at 6 a m next morning. On the 23 Jun James Titus 5th N.Y. Reg was caught attempting to desert, it was found he had deserted the English cause two moths earlier.
Gen Clinton statement "Guilty as stated to be shot at head of the Regiment at 6 a.m. 24 Jun 1779
"He is no good to his King or his Country"

My justice was swift and final

Gen Clinton arrived at Otsego Lake 2 July proceeded down lake to outlet Susquahanna river. they remained here until July 3oth when Gen Sullivan sent word from Wyoming that he was on the move. Aug 9th, Clinton with his 200 boats, 1600 men, stores and artillery began there trip down the Susaquahana, to strike a blown to the Indian allies of the British. They were very successful in laying waste to the Indian villages and crops, finally meeting Joseph Brant and Walter Butler at Elmira. N. Y. resulting in a fierce battle, and defeat of the British who retreated back to Canada.
John Lenderson and his three sons would yet see a lot of blood shed before it was all over.

2 comments:

Rosebud Collection said...

I tell you..that was a rough life.
Whew..then I look at today. Guess we will always be in battle, some things just never change.
Good read..

Gina said...

I am a probable descendant of Lt Henry Hare. I say probable because we have one connection (Henry's daughter) that is 'iffy'. If the connection is correct, then he is my 5th great grandfather. I have only recently begun reading the colorful stories about his death. Thanks for posting this.