Friday, June 5, 2009
Marie Bouart Filles du Roi or Kings Daughters
Marie Bouart, was born Feb 1649 at St-Savien, Poitus, Vienne, France. the daughter of Francois Bouart and Jeanne Billauge. She was my Grt. Grandfather Moses Genereau alias Jim Cummings. 6th Grt Grandmother. Her first husband was Jacques Antrade, whom she married 16 Aug 1668 with whom she had one child, he was born 19 Apr 1643 at St Andre, Nioit, Poitiers, Poitou, France and died 1671.
Then she married "Grampa" Francois, dit Le Bourguigon & Laplante, [contract Mar 3, 1672], he was born abt 1633, at St-Panttaleon, [Saone-et-Loire], Autun, Bourgoene, France. a soldier in "Carignan-Salieres Regiment. with whom she had 9 children, living in St Francois-Xavier, Batiscan, Champlain Co., Quebec. He died 20 Mar. 1688. Then she married third husband Jean Boismene on 6 Feb 1689.
King Louis Xiv was doing his best to make a success of the settlements in New France, he had made it attractive to the soldiers of the Carignan-Salieres Regiment, to stay in this New France by giving them land, live stock and equipment plus a purse if they would stay and develop the area.
He rounded up some 852 eligible females ranging in age from 13 to 40, from various places in France. 238 from Paris, 175 from Bougs, 46 Rouen, 35 LaRochelle, and other small villages, as well as 3 from other countries. 414 of these were from various Orphanages, the rest were mostly farm girls, used to hard work , with a few from better families.
This was not a new idea it had been done by the English in settling Virginia and the Spanish in the Carribian.
the girls arrived in New France in small groups as few as 10 some years and upwards of 170 in other years. The girls were carefully picked by agents of the crown for their good qualities, physical condition [until beast of burden could be raised the wives would have to pull the plow, while the husband pushed with one hand and carried a ready musket in the other] looks and education did not seem to be a factor.
The King bore the cost, amounting to about 100 livres per girl, broken down to ten for personal moving expenses, 30 for clothing and 60 to cover the passage to New France. In addition the girls received a small hope chest, one coiffe [bonnet], taffeta handkerchief, pair stockings, pair gloves, ribbon, four shoelaces, white thread, 100 needles, 1,000 pins, a comb, pair of scissors, two knives, two Livres in cash. upon arrival, each girl was to receive suitable clothing and some provisions.
All the girls arrived in Quebec, were the men had the first choice, then some were sent to Montreal and Trois River. Some of these girls married several times, as the males were often killed in skirmishes with the Mohawk Indians.
Upon marriage the girl received a Dowry from the King 50 Livres if she married a soldier, or "habitant" and 100 Livres if she marries an officer. in addition to start them off each couple was given, pair of chickens and pigs, an Ox, a cow, and two barrels of salted meat. With an incentive to have large families, a pension of 300 Livres was granted to family with 10 children, rising to 400 Livres for 12 children and more for even larger families.
The girls were not enslaved, they had the choice to regect a man if she so desired. Once married divorce was near impossible, unless her husband beat her with a stick larger in diameter than his wrist, in such case she could be granted a divorce.
The plan worked from 1663 to 1673 852 Filles du Roi, arrived in New France and in the year 1671 nearly 700 children were born to these girls. In 1663 about 2,500 colonist lived in New France, Sept 1673 was last shipment and the program ended. The population had increased to 6,700
Maria was not the only "Filles du Roi" that we can trace the ancestry of Jim Cummings to
there are at least 6 more. Today thousands of Canadians and Americans can trace there ancestry to these ladies.
Chemereau, Marguerite m Piet, Jean, dit Trempe, 1669 0or 1670
Herbert, Marie-Madeleine, m Brosseau, Denis, contract Oct 15, 1670
Lecoutre, Louise, m Crevier, Nicolas, abt 1665
Lemaire, Marie, m Ratel, Pierre, Dec 28, 1669
Leroux, Marie, m 1 Enaud, Jacques, dit Canada, bef 1673 m2 Borneuf, Pierre, 1691
Pillat, Catherine, m 1 Charron, Pierre, dit Ducharime, Oct 19,1665
m 2 Brisson, Sebastion, dit Lancoche, Jan 13, 1709